Chess History Facts records that chess began to be played since the 7th century in India. In India during the reign of Gupta, Chess was better known as Caturanga. Many scientists think that the game of Caturanga is also a pioneer of games other than chess, such as xiangqi, janggi and shogi. This name itself was given to the game of chess because originally in India chess symbolized the universe which was divided into four elements, namely fire, air, earth and water.
Then in the 6th century Islamic traders from India brought this game to Persia. There chess is called by the name shatranj in Sassanid. Starting from Persia, then chess also began to be known throughout the world. Here, chess has also developed in terms of the game so that it is more interesting and more exciting, making chess the most favorite recreational game in Persia. Because of this excitement, chess spread again to mainland Arabia.
In Arabic, it is said that chess was also a very popular game at that time. In fact, some say that the warlord of the Prophet Muhammad named Khalid bin Walid was one of the people who really liked this game. There are also those who attributed his interest and fondness to playing chess, making this commander a smart person in managing his war strategy. There is another friend of the Prophet who is also said to be happy to play chess even by playing chess blindly or without looking at the chess board, namely Said bin Junbair.
Furthermore, in the 8th century Islam spread its teachings to Spain. This event also brought chess to become known in Europe, especially in Spain. Apart from Spain, in this century, chess also began to be known in various other European countries such as the Netherlands, Italy, England, Ireland and others. Then the spread of chess spread again to Russia in the 9th century which made chess even more popular.
Debatable Chess History Facts
The game of chess is not a new game but has been invented since the 6th century. This is evidenced by the British archaeological team who found chess pieces made of ivory. The archaeological team found the piece in the area around the Byzantine Empire in what is now Southern Albania. With this discovery, it was concluded that chess is actually a game that is up to 500 years older than its previous discoveries.
There is also a historian by the name of Muhammad Ismail Sloan who states that chess was first developed in India. It’s just that many historians deny this because there is no Sanskrit literature that mentions chess. In fact, Chinese poets have proven by mentioning this game in 800 years before the 6th century. Indeed, at this time there is still debate among scientists about which country is the origin of this chess game. However, the most widely used game of chess is a game that originated in India.
Development of Chess
The game then develops and spreads to various regions of the world with different characteristics. In the eastern region brought by Buddhist pilgrims, silk route traders to China. In the 11th century, chess came to Japan and Korea. In Europe chess came through Persia in the Byzantine empire and continued to develop. In Arabia, chess has become a popular game, and it is even believed to be the favorite of the three caliphs.
Starting from Persia, chess began to be known throughout the world and continues to develop in terms of the game. So that it is more interesting and more exciting, making chess the most favorite recreational game in Persia. In the 10th century, Muslims brought chess to North Africa, Sicily, Spain, and a number of other European countries, such as the Netherlands, Italy, Ireland and England. Chess is a favorite game of Kings Henry I, Henry II, John, also Richard I of England, Ivan IV of Russia, and Philip II and Alfonso X of Spain. At that time around the 15th century chess was known as a royal game. The game of chess regularly was banned by kings and religious leaders.
In 1252, King Louis IX outlawed games in France. In the history of chess in Europe, many chess games have been developed. Where to make a black and white chess board that was previously the same colored squares Then a rule was made that the pawn could advance two squares at the first move and the minister (queen) could move more freely both forward and diagonally. Slowly, chess has developed.
From the name, form, and the rules of the game. All of them represent a symbol of changing civilization. In the 15th century the rules and theory of chess began to be written in a book called “Repeticion de amores y Arte de Ajedrez” written by Luis Ramirez de Lucena. The people who developed chess in mainland Europe include Lucena, Pedro, Gooachinio Greco and many more. Chess entered the archipelago or Indonesia under the colonial Dutch who colonized it. In the 19th century, the development of chess in Indonesia began to appear.
Unique Facts about Chess
In chess, there is a term known as checkmate or checkmate. Checkmate comes from Arabic, namely shah mat which means death of the king.
- Long way to go
In theory, the game of chess can run up to 5,949 steps. After each player’s first three moves, there are more than nine million possible steps that can be taken. However, the longest game ever recorded was 269 moves which lasted 20 hours and 15 minutes and ended in a draw.
- All Hail the Queen
Even though we have to guard the King’s pawn, it is the Queen’s pawn that rules. The proof, the Queen’s pawn can move anywhere. Starting from moving one box in all directions, then moving straight in all directions, and moving diagonally in all directions as well.
- Word Chess Player
In 1985, Russian chess player Garry Kasparov, 22, became the youngest player at the World Chess Championship. Meanwhile, the youngest FIDE Master (Federation Internationale des Echecs) in the world is Alekhine Nouri, a seven year old boy from the Philippines. Emanuel Lasker is a chess player from Germany who has managed to defend the world title for the longest time, which is 26 years and 337 days. And a chess player from India, Viswanathan Anand, managed to win the World Chess Championship in all formats, namely knockouts, tournaments and matches.
After all, Chess History Facts always have something interesting to talk about.
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