Do you know facts about Africa? The African continent is still often viewed negatively by the world community. This continent is often considered a continent that is lacking in everything. But make no mistake, this continent has many surprising facts that will amaze you. Here are 8 facts about Africa.
8 Facts About Africa That Can Amaze You
- The second largest continent in the world after Asia
Africa has an area of 30,224,050 square kilometers. The most populous continent in the world is Africa. It is estimated that the population is more than 1.2 billion people. With Nigeria as the largest depositor of population on this continent, which is around 196 million people.
- Has the second longest river in the world, the Nile
This river has a length of 6,853 km. This river passes through 11 countries, including South Sudan and The Republic of Sudan, Egypt, Ethiopia, Tanzania, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Eritrea, and the Democratic Republic of Kongo.
In the past, this river was considered the longest river in the world, but recent research states that the Amazon River is the longest river in the world because its length exceeds the Nile, which reaches 6,960 km. The Nile River, which flows into the Mediterranean Sea, in northeastern Africa, is the longest river in the world with a total length of 4,132 miles (6,650 km). The Nile river is formed from the confluence of two small rivers, namely the White Nile and the Blue Nile.
- Not all areas in Africa are arid
Countries south of the Sahara Desert such as Gabon, Republic of Congo, and Democratic Republic of Congo are traversed by the equator. So, the area has a cooler climate than other regions. In fact, there are tropical rainforests there too.
- In Africa, most people use Arabic
About 150 million people in Africa speak Arabic. Most speakers are in northern and sub-Saharan regions. These countries include Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Mauritania, Eritrea, Tunisia, and Algeria. Arabic (in various dialects) is the most common language in Africa with about 170 million people speaking Arabic, mainly living in North Africa. Throughout the African continent there are more than 2000 languages spoken.
- The Suez Canal separates the continents of Africa and Asia
Opened on November 17, 1869, the canal was initiated by Ferdinand Vicomte de Lesseps, officially dividing the continents of Africa and Asia. This canal is in the territory of Egypt, connecting the Mediterranean Sea with the Red Sea.
- The Sahara Desert is the largest hot desert in the world and not the largest desert in the world
With an area of approximately 3.5 million square miles, this desert is almost the size of the United States. A little note, the largest hot desert is indeed the Sahara Desert, but the largest desert in the world is the Antarctic Desert. It covers 14 million square miles, four times the size of the Sahara Desert.
- Cape Town, South Africa is the best city in the world in 2012 – 2018 by the Telegraph Travel Awards. Wow!
Cape Town is one of the capital cities as well as the oldest city in South Africa. This city is very famous for its natural beauty and tourist attractions. Some of the things you can do in this city are visiting Table Mountain, shopping at the Victoria & Alfred Waterfront, and many more.
- Hero of the anti-apartheid revolution, Nelson Mandela came from South Africa
He is a former president of South Africa who succeeded in eliminating racism in South Africa. Thanks to his struggles, he got at least 250 awards. One of them is the Presidential Medal of Freedom from the United States.
- The oldest desert in the world is in Africa, precisely in the State of Namibia
Based on information from WWF, the age of the Namib Desert is more than 55 million years. There are several rare plants in this desert, one of which is Welwitschia. This unique plant can survive extreme conditions, you know.
Other Interesting Facts About the African Continent
- Africa is the second largest of the seven continents on earth and only about 22% of the total land area is used.
- Including the Western Sahara desert region and the island nations of the coast, there are 54 independent states in Africa.
- Currently, the population of Africa is nearly 1 billion people. Rapid population growth has occurred during the last 40 years, and the population is generally young people. In many countries in Africa, more than half of the population is under 25 years of age.
- Africa is located at the very center of the entire continent with a major longitude (0 ° longitude), and an equator (0 ° latitude) crossing through Africa.
- The main area of Africa is called sub-Saharan Africa and does not include the Islamic countries of North Africa, such as Western Sahara, Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, and Egypt. Sub-Saharan Africa consists of 42 countries on mainland Africa and six island nations.
- Although Africa accounts for about 16% of the world’s population, a quarter of the world’s languages are only spoken in Africa.
- Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa, with an estimated population of 125-145 million inhabitants. Egypt is the second most populous country in Africa with over 76 million inhabitants.
- The largest country in Africa is Sudan with a total area of 967,490 square miles (2.5 million km2), and the smallest country in Africa is the island nation of Seychelles with a total area of only 175 square miles (453 km2).
- Population experts estimate that there are about 3,000 distinct ethnic groups (tribes) in Africa. Nigeria itself has more than 30 tribes in its population.
- In Africa, there is the largest lake namely Lake Victoria. It is also the second largest freshwater lake in the world, covering an area of 26,830 square miles (69,490 km2).
- The most popular tourist destination in Africa is Egypt. It has attracted about 10 million visitors annually.
So, those are some interesting facts about Africa. What is your favorite fact? Or do you have any other Continent or Country Facts that you like?