Birds are vertebrates which having wings and feathers. The types of birds vary widely, from hummingbirds that are small and can beat their wings very quickly, penguins that can dive with their wings, to ostriches that are taller than humans.
In this article, we will discuss 3 types of birds along with facts about birds. The three birds are peacocks, penguins and flamingos. There are also interesting facts about birds in general in this article.
Three Facts About Certain Bird Species
- The peacock
Who doesn’t know peacocks? This bird with exquisite feathers is very charming. The brilliant colors of the fur are the main attraction, especially for zoo visitors, for example.
The male peafowl has dazzling feathers and a long tail. The action of showing off the feathers of the male bird is done to attract the attention of the female. They will raise their tail and spread it from side to side and then vibrate the feathers.
Generally, peahens do not have a striking coat color. The peahen must incubate the eggs and raise the chicks alone so that they have to hide from predators. If it has a striking coat color, predators can easily find it.
Penguins are cute birds and have a unique way of walking. These birds mostly live in arctic regions. The largest penguin species can reach 1.2 meters in height and weigh between 22-45 kg. This type of penguin is the emperor penguin which is endemic to Antarctica and the South Pole. The smallest penguin species is the Little Blue Penguin which has an average height of 40 cm.
The black and white pattern on the penguin’s feathers is not the only icon of this bird. Their black or dark color makes them appear to blend in with the dark seawater when viewed from the air. While the white or light color corresponds to the sea surface which is brighter than the depth area. This color pattern provides camouflage for him to avoid predators such as seals. And vice versa makes it easier for them to catch prey such as fish, squid, shrimp and others.
Flamingos are beautiful birds that can be found in hot and lowlands such as on the beach or in ponds. The legs of this tropical bird are long with knees arched backwards. A long, crooked neck with a striking pink coat. Then why does this bird sometimes stand on one leg?
According to researcher Young-Hui Chang, the reason it makes sense that flamingos sometimes stand on one leg is because they fall asleep easily with one leg up. When becoming sleepy, flamingos will wiggle their legs less often than when the birds are active.
The joints in the legs have a locked resting position as long as the flamingos are standing on one leg. Flamingos stand on one leg because physiologically they can rest all body weight on one side without having to use muscles to maintain balance.
Other Interesting Facts About Birds
Next we will try to describe in points some other interesting facts about birds as follows:
- The oldest bird known as Archeopteryx and lived about 150 million years ago. It was about the size of a crow, covered with feathers, and had wings.
- The most egg yolks ever found in a single chicken egg are nine.
- Ostrich eggs need to be boiled for 2 hours to get boiled eggs.
- Albatross Royal eggs take 79 days to hatch.
- Hummingbird eggs are the smallest in the bird world, while ostrich eggs, the largest in the world.
- Process birds such as chickens, ostriches, ducks, and seagulls after hatching can immediately run.
- Some types of birds that come from eggs with larger yolks than altricial birds such as owls, woodpeckers, and the smallest songbirds require a lot of care from the mother to survive.
- Air sacs can make up 1/5 of the volume of a bird’s body.
- Normal body temperature A bird is usually 7-8 degrees hotter than humans.
- Up to three quarters of the air, when breathing birds are used only for cooling down because as we know they can’t sweat.
- While resting, a bird’s heart beats 400 beats per minute and it raises up to 1000 beats per minute while flying.
- The New Zealand kiwi is the world’s wingless bird.
- Migratory ducks and geese often fly in a V-shape formation.
- Falcons can travel at more than 200 mph.
- Penguins, ostriches, and dodo birds are flightless birds.
- Humming birds feed about every ten minutes, slurping down twice their body weight in nectar each day.
- The only poisonous bird known in the world is the Papua New Guinea-hooded pitohui. These toxins are found in the skin and hair.
- Pigeons fly fast enough. They can fly as fast as 100 miles per hour.
- The Elephant Bird is now extinct, Madagascar lays eggs that weigh 27 pounds.
- The eggs of the world’s smallest birds belong to the humingbird. The egg of the world’s largest bird belongs to an ostrich.
- Pygmy Parrots is the smallest parrot species, which average about 8 cm in length.
- The largest of the parrot breed is the Hyacinth Macaw, which can grow to about 40 inches in length from beak to tip of tailfeathers.
- At any given time, there are birds living anywhere between one and two billion on this planet.
- The only species of parrot that builds a nest is the Quaker Cockatoo. The Quakers link their nests together in a structure similar to a “bird condominium”. These nests can weigh over 200 lbs.
- Chicken is the most common bird on earth.
- Based on similarities in skeletal structure, a number of scientists have theorized that many modern bird species evolved from dinosaurs.
- Immigrant bird species fly in formation to conserve energy.
- Some species of parrots have to fly more than 500 miles per day in the wild in search of food.
- Birds have taste in comparison to other animals, and science has not yet confirmed that all bird species have a sense of smell.
- The poultry with the longest hair found in Japan. This Onagadori chicken has a length of 10.59 metres long
Those are some facts about birds that you may just know. May be useful! Find out Animal Facts in our site