This planet, which is number 4 from the Sun, is indeed famous for its reddish hue. One of the facts about Mars that is closely related to history is that the name itself comes from the name of the Roman god of war. Then what are the other interesting facts? Check out the following reviews!
Facts about Mars and the Natural Conditions
If you have ever wished you would someday move from planet Earth to another planet, maybe you have considered the following. There have been many studies showing that there may have been life on Mars that would allow us to someday be able to inhabit it. So, before we think any further, it would be best if we understand what the atmosphere on the Red Planet actually looks like.
- The Surface Is Red
As we know, this planet is famous for its red color, so it is often called the Red Planet. But do you know what is actually behind the red color? The surface of the planet, which is not far from Earth, is actually covered by regolith or loose dust and rocks that are rich in iron and full of other organic content. The iron minerals rust, giving them a red appearance.
- Controversial Water Resources
This planet, known as the Red Star in this area of China, actually has a cold and thin atmosphere. This makes it less likely to keep water on the Martian surface for long. The appearance that resembles a recurring slope may result in a torrent of saltwater arguably flowing over the surface of Mars. Some argue that the salty salt is shown by the hydrogen visible from orbit in this region. In other words, even though the planet is half the diameter of Earth, its dry land area is almost the same.
In addition, the many channels and trenches that can be found all over the surface of Mars also indicate the possibility that the planet used to contain water and still resides in underground pores and inlets. As a 2018 study explained, the saltwater on this planet appears to have the ability to contain a lot of oxygen which could be useful for microbial life. Although the amount of Oxygen changes depending on the axis of rotation over time.
- Have the Most Varied Relief in Our Solar System
The similarity in size of the Planet Mars makes it to be called Earth’s twin. In fact, the surface of Mars has the most varied ridges and basins in the entire Solar System. The existence of the highest mountain, Olympus Mons, which is approximately three times higher than Mount Everest adds to the list of facts about Mars. The volcano is also the largest in the solar system with a diameter of about 600 km or enough to cover New Mexico. Until now, there have been several eruptions in its volcanic landscape.
In addition, it also has the deepest valley in our solar system, called Valles Marineris, which is 10 km deep and similar to the Australian continent. And the lowlands of Mars are also the smoothest and flatter plains in the solar system. Amazing right ?!
- Climatic Conditions
Due to its position farther from the Sun than Earth, the planet Mars has a much cooler temperature. One of the facts about Mars that is considered as a habitat for living things is the temperature. With an average of about minus 60 degrees Celsius, minus 125 degrees Celsius in the arctic regions during winter, and 20 degrees Celsius during the day at the equator. Meanwhile, the density of the atmosphere changes depending on the season. This is supported by the density of carbon dioxide that is 100 times that of Earth, which may have protected water flowing on its surface in the past.
As we learned in the above review, the characteristics of Mars are somewhat similar to Earth. However, there are still many things that must be adjusted so that one day it can be used as a choice of habitat for humans and other Earthly creatures. Apart from all that, don’t these facts about Mars make us even more grateful to be able to live on planet Earth?