In this article you will learn about broccoli. Some fun facts about Broccoli will be available for you to be read. Just read it below!
5 Fun Facts About Broccoli
- Broccoli origin and distribution
Broccoli is a vegetable which belongs to cabbage family and it grows annually or biennially. The origin of “broccoli” name is derived from Italian language that means cabbage flowering crest, “broccolo” (plural: broccoli), and it also means “sprout” or “small snail” as it is derived from a word of “brocco” in its diminutive form.
People have been knowing about this vegetable since more than 2000 years ago. It is originated from the area of Mediterranean and Asia Minor as the other cabbage close relatives. Broccoli also resembles its different cultivar group of the same species, the cauliflower.
Broccoli is a very valuable food, based on Italians consideration since the Roman Empire before first introduced in England and was well known there as “Italian asparagus” in the mid-18th century.
The immigrants of Southern Italian first introduced this vegetable to the United States until the 1920s it just became widely popular. Thus, no wonder if United States become the 3rd largest broccoli producer in the world after China and India.
- Broccoli cultivation characteristics
As it is included as a fast-growing plant, this annual vegetable can grow up to 60-90 cm (24–35 inches) tall. With their leathery leaves, broccoli is upright and branching so it bears flower buds like a dense green clusters at the ends of its central axis and its branches. Left unharvested, four petals of yellow flowers can be beared at the buds and later can produce a dry capsule (silique fruits).
Broccoli can be propagated by seeds directly sown in the fields or transplant them by sown them in plant beds. This kind of vegetable plant can be grown in area which has a moderate to cool climates. Depending on their variety and the weather condition, you may start harvesting the heads, or florets, in day 60th to 150th.
- Broccoli’s nutrition facts
Talking about a simple nutrition fact, this vegetable contains 34 calories in each 100 grams (3.5 ounces) of Broccoli. It contains high level of vitamins and minerals so it is known as the “Crown of Jewel Nutrition” by that reason.
It is rich of vitamin K, vitamin C, chromium and folate and contains a high quality of dietary fiber, pantothenic acid, vitamin B6, vitamin E, manganese, phosphorus, choline, vitamin B1, copper, potassium, magnesium, carotenoids, omega-3 fatty acids, protein, zinc, calcium, iron, niacin and selenium.
- Health benefits of broccoli and how to eat them
Consuming this kind of vegetable could give you much benefits to your health. It helps you to prevent cancer and detoxify your body. For you that has problem with digestion, it can also help you to improve your digestion, lowering your cholesterol levels and your blood pressure, maximizing the uptake of vitamin and mineral, and improves your vision by keeping your ocular to keep healthy.
What else? It can also prevent you from allergic reactions, boosts your immune system and protects your skin. The other benefits is to eliminate inflammation and prevents birth defects.
Beside the health benefits that they are served, broccoli is popular with its distinctive ‘mustardy’ taste and thus widely eaten. You may choose to eat them raw or by first boiling or steaming them.
The last of fun facts about broccoli
John and Mary Evans from Palmer, Alaska, USA in 1993 has grown a broccoli with 15.87 kg (35 lb) in weight and it is considered as the heaviest harvested broccoli. Thomas Jefferson as an avid gardener is recorded to do experiment with broccoli seeds derived from Italy in the late 1700s.
Those are some fun facts about broccoli. Don’t forget to eat them! Lol