What are interesting facts about flies? Flies can be a big nuisance for anyone, including you. When it comes to businesses, especially in the food and pharmaceutical industries, they can be a big problem because of the impact they can have on the health of consumers. Here are some unique facts about flies that you need to know.
Facts about flies you need to know
- Fruit fly gene
According to researchers at the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the fruit fly gene can match about 77% of the human disease genes found. With their short life cycles, most fruit fly species only take about a week to go from egg to maturity.
This allows scientists to study genetic mutations in a much shorter time compared to insects or other animals. Because of this, fruit flies are often used in laboratories for medical research.
- Flies Can See the Back of Their Body
Flies have thousands of tiny lenses, called ommatidia, which can form the appearance of a fly’s eye. These compound eyes allow the fly to see 360 degrees at once.
- Flies are small and soft-bodied insects
Most fly species are less than 1.5 cm in size, and 0.6 inches in length. They also have a fairly flexible body and can fit into even tiny crevices!
- Flies mostly live for less than a year
Flies can live and then pass through the winter as eggs, others develop as pupae and very few flies can survive as larvae or adult flies. (Also Read: Interesting Facts About Mites)
- Adult flies do not live very long, especially during winter
Adults will live for a month or two, with some species being able to live for less than a few days or weeks. Most species will spend most of their lives as larvae or pupae.
- The largest fly in the world is Gauromydas heros
Gauromydas heros flies can grow up to 32-70 millimeters (1.3-2.8 in) and has a wingspan of about 10 cm (3.9 in). This is the largest type of fly in the world. They have a whitish, brown or orange wing membrane, with a hyaline apex and complete posterior margin.
- Unlike other insects, they only have a pair of wings
Flies have only two wings that have evolved into sophisticated mechanosensory organs known as “halteres,” which act as high-speed sensors for rotational motion, enabling them to perform aerobic flight movements.
- They have a head mobe with a pair of large compound eyes on the sides of their heads
Some species even have three small ocelli (simple eyes) located on top of their heads.
- Sophisticated wing arrangement gives them excellent maneuverability in flight
Not only is the problem of wings amazing, flies also have claws and pads on their feet that allow them to stick to any flat surface evenly.
- Flies use their sight more than other insects. They can also detect any vibration
With a good sense of sight and super clear, flies can detect any movement or vibration quickly. This is also the reason why flies are so difficult to catch.
- They eat fluids
Flies have suction mouths that are thin and expand like mosquitoes. They use this suction mouth to eat the liquid that is there.
- Several species of flies are imitators
This pest insect species appears to be quite intelligent, as evidenced by its ability to mimic other insects. Flies often look like bees or wasps in this way to avoid predators. Flies are often seen floating in the air like small, living helicopters. Meanwhile, they also produce a buzzing sound which can be quite annoying.
- Some insects are called flies, but they are not actually included in the Diptera
To tell the difference, look at the insect’s scientific name. They can spread various kinds of diseases due to their eating and reproductive habits.
For example, house flies. They are used to come in contact with various harmful bacteria such as Salmonella and E. coli. Therefore, house flies often help spread the bacteria by contaminating important objects, such as food and cooking utensils.
- House flies have incredible reaction times
Ever wondered why it’s so hard to ward off flies? Well, flies have plenty of time for their quick reactions and agility. Take the house fly, for example, which can process what they see and then react with incredible speed. In comparation with human, our brains process about 60 images per second, whereas flies can process about 250 images in one second. What do you think? Cool, Isn’t it?
Flies Love Math
Despite their small brains, flies are very good at calculating angles and making flight plans to avoid any sorties they might get.
As proven by research conducted by scientist at the California Institute of Technology (CalTech). When flies see a threat coming, they can jump backwards using their hind legs to avoid being hit.
This one fact shows that flies can make decisions within 100 milliseconds to stay away from various kinds of threats.
Those are interesting facts about flies. We hope this article can increase your knowledge about flies. Fine more Animal Facts in our Site.