How many times have you visited Istanbul or other cities of Turkey? During your visit, did you try to learn Turkish? At least, you should be able to say Merhaba to greet people there. For your information, Turkish is now becoming one of the popular languages in the world as the speakers keep growing in numbers. You are on the right page if you are interested in the language as some Turkish fun facts are discussed here.
- 1 Some English Words Are Of Turkish Origin
- 2 Turkish Is Influenced By Other Languages
- 3 There Are More Native Turkish Speakers Than Italian
- 4 A Verb With Lots Of Meaning
- 5 Knowing Turkish Helps Learn Other Languages Easier
- 6 Turkish Came From Siberia
- 7 Turkish Uses Latin Alphabet
- 8 Turkish Word Order
Some English Words Are Of Turkish Origin
A lexical borrowing which is defined as the process by which a word from a particular language is adapted to be used in other language is common in linguistics. Do you know that some English words that you may frequently use is borrowed from Turkish? Some words like kiosk, kayaking, and yoghurt, are a few examples of some English vocabularies borrowed from Turkish.
You might be wondering how the words can be of Turkish origin. These words entered the English language mainly through soldiers and traders in the Ottoman Empire. The Ottoman Empire was a state that gad a great influence on Southeastern Europe between the 14th and early 20th centuries. There are also some Turkic words that penetrated English via the Russian language.
Turkish Is Influenced By Other Languages
Turkey is located in the crossroads of eastern Mediterranean, Middle East, Balkans, and Caucasus. Due to the geographical location, it is no wonder that Turkish is influenced by other languages such as Arabic and modern Persian language (Farsi). Those two languages are widely spoken in Turkey’s neighboring countries.
In addition to Arabic and Farsi, French is the other language that substantially influences Turkish especially with words used in economy and finance. Before English became popular as a foreign language in Turkey, French had been used first. French was used from the last century of Ottoman Empire to the first decades of the Republic. This is the reason why Turkey has so many loanwords from French.
There Are More Native Turkish Speakers Than Italian
Turkey is a highly populated country as it has nearly eighty million citizens. With the number of people, Turkey has more inhabitants than other countries in Europe. English speakers might be more familiar with Italian than Turkish. However, Turkish has more speakers than Italian.
For your information, all over the world, there are only 63 million people who speak Italian as their first language. Even when it is added with 3 million people speaking Italian as a second language, the number is still below those who speak Turkish (almost 80 million people).
A Verb With Lots Of Meaning
In Turkish, there is a verb that has more than fifty different meanings. The verb is Çıkmak. In English, this verb can mean walk, spend, go out, increase, and many more. Due to its numerous different meanings, it is difficult to learn Turkish. Learners should understand the context where the word is used so they can guess the meaning in English.
Knowing Turkish Helps Learn Other Languages Easier
Even though Turkish is quite difficult to learn, once you master it, you are able to easily learn other languages primarily Altaic languages. Altaic language family includes Korean, Tungusic, Japonic, and Mongolic. Turkish and Japanese, for example, have a quite similar sentence structure and word orders. Therefore, if you want to learn Korean or Japanese, knowing Turkish is an advantage.
Turkish Came From Siberia
Turkish is one of the oldest language in the world. Not many people know that Turkish came from the Altai mountain range situated in Siberia. It was about500 to 8500 years ago. It then spread to central Asia and beyond by nomadic tribes. So, the origin of Turkish actually has nothing to do with Arabic.
Turkish Uses Latin Alphabet
Turkish uses Latin-script alphabet that consists of twenty-nine letters. The language is phonetic meaning the pronunciation of the words is the same as the writing. Therefore, in order to be able to speak Turkish quickly, you should learn the alphabet first and have lots of practice to pronounce Turkish words correctly.
Talking about the alphabet, while we only have 5 vowels, there are 8 vowels in Turkish; a, e, ı, i, o, ö, u, ü. Meanwhile Turkish you will not find W, X, and Q as these three consonants are absent in Turkish. There are however three additional consonants; Ç, Ğ, Ş.
Turkish Have No Genders
Even though it sounds complicated to learn Turkish, the language actually doesn’t have so many new concepts. Even, it is simpler than other languages in some ways. For example, there are no genders in Turkish. When learning Spanish or French, many people are struggling with identifying the nouns whether they are feminine or masculine. As these pesky genders are absent in Turkish, you do not need to worry about memorizing the genders of noun.
Besides, Turkish has no articles either and it has only 13 irregular verbs. For your information, English has approximately 200 irregular verbs. French also has more than 100 irregular verbs. It means that memorizing Turkish irregular verbs won’t take much time.
Turkish Word Order
Unlike English and most other languages where the verb is generally placed after the subject of the sentence, in Turkish, verb is put at the end of a sentence. Therefore, in order to understand the full meaning of an utterance, you should wait until the sentence is said completely. It’s because the verb holds the most weight in a sentence. This also becomes one of the reasons why it takes much time to get used to with practice. Find out more in here.
The Turkish fun facts above are the evidence that the language is extremely unique. It seemed that it’s very difficult to learn Turkish but it’s actually not as hard as it may seem. Learning other languages give a lot of advantages. Not only can it help you communicate with others while travelling in Turkey, learning Turkish also opens the door for greater opportunities for business and humanitarian works due to Turkey’s strategic location that connects Central Asia, Europe, and the Middle East.
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